This product is part of the Red Sea Reef Care Program – Coral Nutrition Program
Coral Nutrition This program consists of a 2 part formula, Reef Energy A & B, that provides the nutritional needs of all corals and other filter feeders.
Reef Energy B is a highly concentrated complex of vitamins & amino acids that were found to be the limiting factors in the nutritional demands of corals and other invertebrates. This complex replenishes the exact vitamins and MAA (marine amino acids) produced by Zooxanthellae. Vitamins are important precursors in the synthesis of chromo proteins while the amino acids are their building blocks.
All of the components of Reef Energy B come from marine sources and are emulsified in a unique medium that enhances their solubility and absorption of the vitamins and acids by the corals
Reef Energy A & B, available in 500ml bottles, also include a measuring cup for easy dosing. Reef Energy A&B can be mixed together directly before feeding however due to the various interactions between the components it is necessary to store them separately.
Referred to as photosynthetic, most corals have a symbiotic relationship with Zooxanthellae algae, which provide around 85% of their nutritional requirements. The coral nutrition program is about providing the remaining 15% to the photosynthetic corals and the complete nutritional requirements for the so called non- photosynthetic corals such as Gorgonia or Sun Corals that do not have any Zooxanthellae.
Corals can’t move towards food or even bring the food to themselves so they digest any Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) that flows freely into their oral disc (about the size of a pin head) or gets absorbed through their soft tissue. On the reef the DOM comes from a wide range of organic sources such as the mucus from neighboring corals or bacterial flocks.
Contrary to popular beliefs, many traditional foods such as phytoplankton or non-marine zooplankton (artemia, rotifers etc) are at best only of marginal and indirect benefit to corals. Red Sea’s nutrition research focused on isolating the various DOM components from a variety of conventional and non-conventional food sources to create an easily digestible and highly nutritious DOM complex that:
- Provides all of the energy components that Soft, LPS, SPS and non-photosynthetic corals utilize for growth and coloration
- Gives the greatest energetic value after digestion
- Causes the least pollution to the water
Red Sea’s research also discovered that while there are some differences in the nutritional requirements between the different types of corals, the most significant differences were in low algae nutrient systems (e.g. when using Red Sea’s NO3:PO4-X) where increased amounts of coral nutrients are required to compensate for the lower supply of energy from the Zooxanthellae.